Nakhchivan is a city in the Republic of Azerbaijan, the capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The city is located on the right bank of the Nakhichevanchay River, right on the border with Iran. The distance from Baku is 993 km. It is separated from the rest of the country by a wedged narrow strip of a foreign state, which was once possible as a result of the collapse of the Russian Empire and the subsequent policy of the communist regime. NAR is located on the southern slopes of the Daralyaz and southwestern slopes of the Zangezur mountains. People can visit Nakhchivan with direct flights from Baku of by car through Iran or Turkey
This is a mountainous area – more than 30% of the territory of the Autonomous Republic is located at an altitude of 600 to 1000 m above sea level. The highest points of the region are the mountains GAPYJYG (3906 m), YAGLYDARYA (3827 m), GAZANGELDAG (3814 m), DAWABOINS (3560 m.), AGDAG (3488 m), SALVARD (3160 m), KECHALDAG (3114 m.), BICHENAG passes (2347.8 m) and AICHONGAL passes (3362 m). The Autonomous Republic is rich in deposits of marble, lime, gypsum, rock salt. 12 km. from the city of Nakhchivan, on the southern slope of the mountain DUZDAG there is a rock salt deposit, which has been described by a number of modern scholars since the 19th century. These are very ancient salt mines, which still have a huge resource.
The climate in the republic is sharply continental, the temperature ranges from +43°C in the summer and -30 °C. in the winter. During autumn, the temperature should hover around 20 – 25°C and the sky should mostly be clear, allowing you to maximize your time outdoors without the heat of the summer months. The best time to visit Nakhchivan is March to May and September to November
Nakhchivan is one of the places of the oldest settlement of people. Here, the ancestors of modern Azerbaijanis created an ancient civilization and rich culture. In addition, this area is one of the oldest cultural centres in the world.
Locals connect the history of the settlements on the site of Nakhchivan with the biblical legend of the prophet Noah, who escaped from the Great Flood. It is believed here that Noah’s ark, before approaching the mountain, several times collided with the mountain peaks of the Small Caucasus, one of which even cracked from this blow. According to local legend, after saving from the flood, Noah lived and died here.
In the early Middle Ages, relations of Nakhchivan with the countries of Asia Minor, the Middle East and Transcaucasia became especially intense. However, the wealth of the city and its geopolitical position was the reason for frequent raids from neighboring states, as a result of which the city was repeatedly destroyed. But Nakhchivan invariably rebuilt, becoming even more beautiful. For example, in the middle of 1 in AD, the city was ruined and destroyed by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius 2, it was often devastated by the Mongol raids, the city was a constant cause of discord between Byzantium and the Arab caliphate.
The monuments of the Nakhchivan school of architecture were included in the golden fund of the culture of Azerbaijan and influenced the architectural traditions of a large region: from Derbent in the North Caucasus to Hamadan in the south, from the Caspian Sea in the east to Georgia and Lake Urmia in the west. The stylistic features of this architectural school are traced in the architecture of all neighbouring states. You can discover this architectures from places to visit in Nakhchivan section
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